Like any other sport, basketball has a set of laid down rules. Players have to adhere to these rules in each game played. Basketball being a high-speed sport, players do commit fouls to steal the ball away from opposing players, or prevent them from progressing. Hence, we discuss the types and basketball rules on fouls.
Illegal physical contacts constitute personal fouls. These types of fouls include:
Holding: This occurs when a player grabs the opponent, with or without the ball, with hands to prevent his advancement.
Illegal pick or screen: When a player fails to maintain a set position, in a standstill manner, while setting a screen or pick.
Hand Check: Using your hands continuously on an opposing player is termed ‘hand check’.
Reaching In: When a player illegally uses the hands to touch the opposing shooter’s arm while releasing or after a steal.
Tripping: Using your leg or foot to trip an opposing player, thereby throwing them off balance.
Elbowing: Excessively swinging your arms at opposing players, hitting them in the process.
Charging: An offensive player making contact with a defender who has established position outside the charge circle, with or without the ball, constitutes charging.
Blocking: When a defender makes contact with an offensive player without establishing position in time or giving space, thereby preventing the player’s drive.
Illegal hitting, pushing and slapping are also considered personal fouls.
Personal Fouls Penalties
If you get fouled while shooting, you get to have two free throws if you miss your shot, or one free throw if the shot goes in.
If a player shooting a three-pointer gets fouled, he gets three free throws if his shot misses, or one free throw if he makes the shot.
If a player gets fouled while not shooting, the fouled player’s team gets 5 seconds at the nearest side or baseline, out of bounds, to pass the ball onto the court.
If your team already has seven or more fouls and then commits another foul on an opposing player, the fouled player gets one free throw. The fouled player gets another free throw if the first one makes it in.
If your team already has ten or more fouls in a game, and then commits another foul on an opposing player, the fouled player gets two free throws.
When your team commits a charging foul is, either by pushing or running over an opposing defensive player, the fouled player’s team gets the ball.
This is about the ethics of the game. It can be committed by both players and coaches alike. Foul languages, obscene gestures, arguments are all considered technical fouls. The penalty after two technical fouls is ejection from the court.
Acts of violence, deliberately or not, that can cause serious harm or injuries to others on the court are flagrant fouls. Free throws and retention after the throws are given to the fouled team. It may also cause ejection of the offending player.
Basketball has rules on fouls committed. Knowing these rules, as a coach or player, is highly beneficial if not necessary. Hence, we put together basketball rules on fouls.