It was the winter of 1891-1892. Inside the gymnasium of Springfield College located in Springfield was a group of restless college students. There were young men and they had to get involved in household chores to burn the energy that had been growing since the end of their football season. The gymnasium class offered them jobs such as marching, calisthenics, and mechanical engineering, but these were the most popular replacements for the most exciting soccer and lacrosse games they played in the warmer seasons.
Place Where Basketball Was Invented
There has been some kind of confusion about the exact nature of the formal relationship between Springfield College and the YMCA, as it relates to James Naismith and the establishment of basketball. Confusion is partly due to the change in the name of the School in its early history. Originally a School for Christian Workers, the School at the beginning of its history had three other names including “YMCA”: YMCA Training School, International YMCA Training School, and, later, International YMCA College. The College did not officially adopt the name “Springfield College” until 1954, although it has been known informally as “Springfield College” for many years. But by any means, since its inception in 1885 Springfield College has been an independent institution. This college has enjoyed a long and productive partnership with the YMCA, but has never had a formal relationship with the YMCA.
Confusion is compounded by a small sign in the corner of the building where the netball was established. The building was situated on the corner of State and Sherman streets in Springfield, Massachusetts. The emblem, bearing the words “Armory Hill Young Men’s Christian Association,” appears on older images of the building circulated online. This has led some to believe, mistakenly, that the Armory Hill YMCA owns the building, and that James Naismith was a YMCA employee. However, in 2010, other YMCA archives and Springfield College documents of the time were rediscovered. These documents unequivocally prove that the gymnasium where Naismith founded basketball was not in the YMCA but in a building owned and operated by the School for Christian Workers, from which the modern Springfield College sprang up. The building included classrooms, dormitories, and intelligence offices and staff at the center. The Armory Hill YMCA rented a site in the building to perform its functions, and used a small sign to attract paying customers. James Naismith, founder of netball, was a college professor of gymnastics. It was Luther Halsey Gulick, Naismith’s director and first college physical education director, who challenged Naismith to create a new home game for School students during the long winter of New England. There is currently no proof to propose that anyone ever worked for the Armory Hill YMCA, per second.
Year When Basketball Was Invented
The sound of the new game is spreading like wildfire. It’s been a quick success. A few weeks after the game was launched, students introduced the game to their YMCAs. The rules were published in a College magazine, which was mailed to YMCAs across the country. Thanks to the well-represented international student body of the College, the basketball game was introduced in many foreign countries in a short period of time. High schools and colleges began to introduce a new sport, and in 1905, basketball was officially recognized as a permanent winter sport.